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If you are designing your new fish tank, you would have come across the choice of which filter to introduce in the aquarium. Of course, this component is essential, but the choice can be overwhelming—especially if this is your first aquarium. Understanding the effects that the filter will have on the fish tank’s ecosystem is crucial.
A fish tank filter can be too powerful and negatively affect the aquarium’s ecosystem. This component should be powerful enough to oxygenate the water and keep the tank free of debris. However, if your fish struggle to swim or the water is too turbulent, the current created might be too strong.
Unfortunately, there is no one-size-fits-all solution—especially as the filter to pick will depend on the kind and size of your aquarium. That is what makes it so important to recognize the signs of a too powerful filter. If you want to learn more, keep reading.
Fish Tank Filters: An Overview
You might be wondering, if the fish tank filter can be too powerful and cause damage to your fish and aquarium’s ecosystem, why not remove it altogether? Why not just manually clean up the fish tank regularly?
While some fish tank owners do look after their tank manually, there are several reasons why you should not opt for this method. Indeed, a filtration system represents a crucial aspect that every new and navigated fish owner should contemplate—and make informed choices about it.
While we are not going into how a fish tank filter works, it is crucial to understand what this component does. Through a three-stage filtration process (mechanical, chemical, and bacterial), your tank’s filter will clean the water of waste and debris, create an influx of fresh oxygen, and absorb dangerous toxins.
In turn, a filter can maintain a balanced ecosystem for your fish, who can live a happy and comfortable life.
If you wish to know more about these smart systems, this video will illustrate how fish tank filters work and how you and your fish can benefit from it.
How to Pick the Right Aquarium Filter for Your Fish Tank?
Now that you know that a fish tank filter can be too powerful and negatively affect the aquarium’s ecosystem, you also understand the importance of picking the right filter for your particular fish tank.
So, each fish tank will need a unique filter that fits the needs of its inhabitants. If you are not yet an expert on each fish’s living and ecosystem requirements, it is recommendable to speak to an expert in the field.
Some of the aspects that will impact the type of filter you will need include:
- Type of ecosystem (saltwater vs. freshwater)
- Your fish’s characteristics (including their size, ability to swim against strong currents, and personality)
- Size of your aquarium
- Amount of water in the aquarium
- Needed water flow rate
- Feeding needs
- Number of fish
An expert aquarist or fishkeeper can help you understand the particular needs of the fish you have picked in terms of aquarium size, filter size, and food choices. However, a general rule of thumb you can apply when shopping for your tank’s filtration system is that it should filter the water four times each hour (or more).
This value is often referred to as flow rate, and it is relatively easy to calculate. You can find out the flow rate you need by checking how many gallons of water your tank can hold. For example, if you own a 20-gallon (76-liter) tank, you will need an 80 GPH (Gallon per hour) filter.
The Importance of a Fish Tank Filter
All fish tanks will need fresh oxygen and regular cleaning. You can do it manually, but this process can add stress to the fish and their ecosystem, killing them if repeated regularly. Ultimately, fish tank filters are much more effective and beneficial for the fish—if correctly set up.
Their role and the benefits your fish can perceive include:
- Better water oxygenation because of the movement created on the water surface
- Removal of waste
- An environment that better reflects the natural ecosystem when currents are present
- Better tank maintenance
- Water movement across the whole aquarium
- Removal of any food in excess
- Removal of dangerous chemicals
- Prevention of potentially fatal ammonia build-up
What Happens if the Filter Is Too Powerful?
So, now you can be sure that a reliable and adequate filtration system in your aquarium is necessary. However, we also know that the filter can indeed be too powerful. If this happens, it is possible for the increased current to temper with your fish’s ability to swim freely and unimpeded.
If the filter is too powerful, this will have several effects on the surrounding environment, including the following ones:
- Your fish might find it difficult to feed themselves, which can cause them to be malnourished.
- The food that is not eaten will break down and create waste in the aquarium—which can significantly impact the overall ecosystem.
- Your fish will need to find a quiet place within the aquarium where the current is not as powerful. In turn, this will cause them to remain stuck in a particular area of the tank.
- The filter intake might be so powerful to attract the fish and cause them to remain stuck.
- Your fish might just find it impossible to swim freely or against the current. In turn, this can cause them to suffer from exhaustion and added stress, which can lead to death.
Signs That the Fish Tank Filter Is Too Powerful
You can easily avoid the side effects seen above by identifying the signs that your aquarium’s filtration system is too strong.
Start from the ones below:
- Your fish struggle to swim or swim differently from usual.
- Your fish tend to remain hidden throughout the day rather than swimming around the tank.
- Your fish find it challenging to find balance.
- The current interferes with your fish’s feeding patterns.
- The turbulence at the top of the fish tank seems extreme.
- Plants start to look bent over (while this is natural for some plants, it is unnatural for others).
How to Reduce the Fish Tank’s Filter Power?
Generally, it is always recommendable to buy a filter that is adequate for your specific fish tank. However, if you consider upgrading the fish tank in the future, you might opt for filters that allow you to regulate the flow.
Some practical ways to reduce the filter power include the ones below:
- Add caves, plants, and rocks around the aquarium. Sometimes, your filter might be of the right size, but the flow it creates is too direct. Adding caves, plants, and rocks around the aquarium can divert and slow down the current. Additionally, these components will create nooks and corners for your fish to hide and rest.
- Leverage of the filter’s flow control. Some filter models, especially hang-on-the-back ones, are complete with rules that allow you to regulate water flow better. This option is suitable to reduce the water flow whenever you need it. For example, you might decide to do so around feeding times to guarantee that your fish have direct food access.
- Introduce a manifold system. This introduction acts towards better distributing the water flow.
A fish tank filter covers a crucial role in the wellbeing of the aquarium’s ecosystem. It can oxygenate the water, keep the tank free of debris, and ensure that the environment is healthy and suitable for its inhabitants. However, picking the right filter for your fish tank is crucial.
Indeed, a filter that is too powerful might create strong turbulence in the water and make it impossible for some of your fish to swim freely in the aquarium. Ultimately, understanding your fishes’ needs is crucial to pick a filter that will keep the water oxygenated while supporting the right ecosystem.